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  • 1. Fors, Harald
    Folkmålsberättelser från Västerbottens inland: Inspelningar från Örträsk socken1986 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 2. Fors, Harald
    Ordbok över Öre-Långselemålet: En svensk dialekt i södra Lappland1984Book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Fors, Harald
    Institute for Language and Folklore, Dialekt-, ortnamns-, och folkminnesarkivet i Umeå (DAUM).
    Register till ordbok över Öre-Långselemålet: En svensk dialekt i södra Lappland1985Book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Hansson, Åke
    Institute for Language and Folklore, Dialekt-, ortnamns-, och folkminnesarkivet i Umeå (DAUM).
    Nordnorrländsk dialektatlas: 1. Text1995Book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Hansson, Åke
    Institute for Language and Folklore, Dialekt-, ortnamns-, och folkminnesarkivet i Umeå (DAUM).
    Nordnorrländsk dialektatlas: 2. Kartor1995Book (Other academic)
  • 6. Hellquist, Magdalena
    Abraham Abrahamsson Hülphers och folkmålen i Westerbotten: Ett bidrag till dialektstudiets historia1984Book (Other academic)
  • 7. Lundgren, Astrid
    Ordbok över Nysätramålet: En nordvästerbottnisk dialekt1997 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 8. Nyström, Jan-Olov
    Ordbok över lulemålet: På grundval av dialekten i Antnäs by, Nederluleå socken1993 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 9. Svahn, Margareta
    Finnskägg, tåtel och sia: Om folkliga namn på gräs1991Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    By collecting and analysing plant names linguistically, a knowledge of popular botany and its relationshipto scientific botany can be obtained.This study has two primary aims: to describe the popular botanical view of the part of thevegetal world represented by grasses and to illustrate the dialectal use of plant names.The material consists of dialectal names for grasses and has been taken chiefly from variousarchives. The area investigated is primarily Sweden, but other parts of Fenno-Scandinavia, chieflyNorway and parts of Finland where Swedish is spoken, have also been included. The plant namesanalysed are either equivalents or synonyms: they have the same meaning but different geographicalareas of distribution or the same meaning and the same geographical areas of distribution.Three popular "species", each of which represents three different correspondences betweenpopular and scientific botany are described."Grass with a panicle" illustrates underdifferentiation. A number of grasses are collectivelygiven the same name. The grasses are primarily characterised by their similarity in appearance,but they are also used in the same way, as fodder grasses. "Grass with a panicle" has five namesin Swedish dialects: ven, tåtel, bunk, jägarn and tannar."Vegetative tillers" exemplifies overdifferentiation. The tillers are only one part of the plant,which means that the popular classification is more differentiated than the scientific one. Thereare probably several reasons for this differentiation: The vegetative tillers are the first to appearin spring, before the culms with panicles. The tillers are grazed, not cut like the flowering stems.The names found in Swedish dialects are rysk, tov and sia."Mat-grass" represents one-to-one correspondence. The "species" is on the whole identicalwith the scientific species mat-grass. The reason for this identity is the characteristic appearanceof the plant and its hardness. It is difficult to cut. In Swedish dialects mat-grass has five nameswhich are widely spread: stagg, finnskägg, hära, sägg and fnugg. But it also has a great numberof names with a very limited distribution. Because of the special efforts required at harvesttime—mat-grass often bent to the scythe only to rise again soon afterwards—this grass could stirup emotions and hence it has been subject to affective word-formation.The material points to the conclusion that external characteristics of plants may be decisive fortheir classification in popular botany. It is important to note, however, that the use made of aplant is also important in the popular division of "species".

  • 10. Westum, Asbjørg
    Ris, skäver och skärva: Folklig kategorisering av några barnsjukdomar ur ett kognitivt semantiskt perspektiv1999Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Swedish dialects we find the terms ris,skäver and skärva referring to illnesses in children. The words are also parts of various compounds which refer to variants of the illnesses. The terms are linguistic expressions denoting two folk categories of illnesses, RIS and SKÄVER/SKÄRVA. These categories are investigated from a cognitive semantic perspective. The cognitive perspective argues that we organize our understanding of reality by using Idealized Cognitive Models (ICM) based on our physical, mental and emotional experiences of the world. The aim is twofold: to demonstrate the bases on which an experienced illness is placed in a certain category, and to show how a folk conception of illness is reflected in the word formation strategies. The word formation strategies emanate from notions of characteristic symptoms, and from notions of causes of illnesses. Both categories, RIS and SKÄVER/SKÄRVA, are based on a number of ICM's. The category RIS is a radial structure, which means that the category is held together although its members have no structural criteria in common. The category SKÄVER/SKÄRVA is a concentrating structure, meaning that all members share all structural criteria. There is a strong connection between word formation strategies and the structures of the categories. Terms related to symptoms refer to members of a category which are part of a radial structure, while terms related to causes refer to members of a category which are part of a concentrating structure. This can be explained by two of the basic assumptions of cognitive semantics: semantic content is structred and symbolized overtly on the surface form of a language and categories are conventional, based on cultural assumptions about the world.

  • 11. Wiklund, Staffan
    Våtmarksord i lulemålen: En ordgrupp sedd ur informant- och intervjuarperspektiv1992Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The grass of wetlands in northern Sweden has been utilized for mowing and pasture even in our time. There are a large number of words and expressions, expecially in the dialects, to denote and describe the various types of wetlands.The chief aim of the thesis is to investigate some 40 wetland terms in a limited area - the old parish of Luleå, Norrbotten, in northern Sweden - in order to establish their distribution, meanings and use. The aim of the study is also to illustrate different semantic aspects, such as semantic features, semantic fields, the relationship between common nouns and place-names, as well as explanations based on the appearance of the wetlands. The material consists of words that derive from archives, the literature on the subject and interviews with 43 informants, and has been supplemented with studies of the wetlands themselves.Three semantically similar words, drävj, dröla and dovei, are scrutinized and compared with reference to their frequency and distribution, position, humidity, vegetation, form and depth of the ground. To illustrate the relationship between words and referents the author investigates what words are used about (small) muddy pools in a swamp (mire) and about the dry parts of a swamp (in technical language called flarkar and strängar, respectively). The words drävj and dröla are compared with five other words for 'depression/hollow' etc. and 'small pool' etc. Similarities and differences are illustrated in three figures on the basis of criteria like depression/hollow, humidity and size. The words are often explained with reference to special places in the area or to adjacent places, the names of which contain the word in question. With two pairs of words as examples, grande and skärpa, and drävj and dröla, respectively, the author investigates the meanings of the words and their referents and the explanatory strategies of the informants.The author stresses the dependence of word explanations and the learning of words on their contexts and functional situations. This aspect is illustrated in a chapter which summerizes how the author's semantic views of dövel, dröla and drävj have been formed. This is done with reference to the so-called prototype theory.

  • 12.
    Skrifter utgivna av Dialekt- och ortnamnsarkivet Umeå. Serie A, DialekterOther (Other academic)
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