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Jiddisch - den felande länken i germansk ordföljdshistoria
Institute for Language and Folklore, Department of Dialectology, Onomastics and Folklore Research, Gothenburg.
2023 (Swedish)In: Svenska landsmål och svenskt folkliv, ISSN 0347-1837, Vol. 145, no 2022, p. 111-119Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

This article addresses the varying verb phrase internal order between verbs (V) and objects (O) in the Germanic languages. More specifically, it argues (with Haider 2014) that originally, all Germanic languages had a verb phrase (VP) with a variable V position but today, only Yiddish has preserved this system. Consequently, the fixed V position (generating either VO or OV order) in the other Germanic languages is treated as a secondary development. It seems that verb-second (V2) clauses, crucially involving V movement out of the VP, have been an important part of this transition. It is likely that the reason Yiddish has managed to retain the variable V position is that it has been surrounded by Slavonic majority languages from the Middle Ages onwards, unlike the other Germanic languages. The variable V position within the VP is a typical trait of Slavonic languages. The archaic VP syntax of Yiddish can thus be seen as a product of long-lasting language contact. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Kungliga Gustav Adolfs Akademien, 2023. Vol. 145, no 2022, p. 111-119
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics Specific Languages
Research subject
Yiddish
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:sprakochfolkminnen:diva-2591OAI: oai:DiVA.org:sprakochfolkminnen-2591DiVA, id: diva2:1770124
Available from: 2023-06-19 Created: 2023-06-19 Last updated: 2024-01-15Bibliographically approved

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Magnusson Petzell, Erik
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Department of Dialectology, Onomastics and Folklore Research, Gothenburg
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