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Ryman, Lennart
Publications (1 of 1) Show all publications
Ryman, L. (1996). Kristna personnamnselement?. In: Eva Brylla, Svante Strandberg och Mats Wahlberg (Ed.), Från götarna till Noreens kor: hyllningsskrift till Lennart Elmevik på 60-årsdagen 2 februari 1996. Uppsala: Ortnamnsarkivet i Uppsala
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kristna personnamnselement?
1996 (Swedish)In: Från götarna till Noreens kor: hyllningsskrift till Lennart Elmevik på 60-årsdagen 2 februari 1996 / [ed] Eva Brylla, Svante Strandberg och Mats Wahlberg, Uppsala: Ortnamnsarkivet i Uppsala , 1996Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]


Christian personal name elements?

By Lennart Ryman

The personal name elements Böt- and Likn-, -likn have been interpreted as 'penitence' and `mercy' respectively. It has been claimed that they were introduced by Christians, in order to form names appropriate to the new religion. According to this theory, Bot- was introduced in seventh-century England, whence it spread to Scandinavia and the High German area; likn, on the other hand, seems to have been exclusively Gotlandic and Swedish. The main argument for the theory is that the elements in question are not found in pre-Christian sources. The existence of the element Krist- shows that Christian elements could be incorporated in the old system of dithematic names. There is, however, some evidence that the existence of Bot- in continental Germanic sources precedes the introduction of Christianity, and it seems likely that both Bot- and likn are of pre-Christian origin on Gotland. The original meaning of the elements can in my opinion, judging by the Scandinavian evidence, probably be roughly rendered as lelp, improvement' , a meaning to which there are numerous parallels among Scandinavian personal name elements. However, it is quite possible that the elements later came to be associated, to a greater or lesser extent, with the Christian concepts referred to.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Ortnamnsarkivet i Uppsala, 1996
Skrifter / utgivna genom Ortnamnsarkivet i Uppsala: Serie B, Meddelanden, ISSN 0347-2027 ; 11
National Category
Specific Languages History
Research subject
Personal Names
urn:nbn:se:sprakochfolkminnen:diva-1584 (URN)
Available from: 2018-09-14 Created: 2018-09-14 Last updated: 2018-09-14

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